Laboratory of Radiocarbon dating and Electronic microscopy
The Radiocarbon dating laboratory was created under the leadership of academician I.P. Gerasimov within the Department of Soil Geography and Evolution, of which it is a member today. Over the years, it was headed by O.A. Chichagova. The radiocarbon laboratory IGRAS is the only one in Russia and one of the few in the world whose main object of study is the organic matter of modern and buried soils. The laboratory is included in the list of radiocarbon laboratories in the world, its laboratory index is IGAN. In 2015, on the basis of the laboratory, the Center for Collective Use “Laboratory of Radiocarbon dating and Electronic microscopy” was created. Laboratory staff actively publish monographs and articles in such editions as Radiocarbon, Catena, Quaternary International, Eurasian Soil Science, etc.
The laboratory has 8 employees, including three scientists with PhD
(O.A. Chichagova, E.P. Zazovskaya, V.A. Shishkov), two highly qualified research engineers (V.M. Alifanov, M.A. Koryagina) and three young researchers
(Y.V. Konoplyannikova, A.V. Pochikalov, S.M. Turchinskaya), who combine the work in the laboratory with the preparation of their PhD thesis.
Modern Laboratory’s activities
– Methodological work in the field of radiocarbon dating of various carbon-containing materials. The use of scintillation (LSC) and accelerator (AMS) techniques in radiocarbon dating.
– Radiocarbon dating of soil organic matters and sediments. Approaches to the selection of the “dating fraction”. Estimation of carbon fluxes in soils of various periods and their dynamics due to climate change.
– Application of radiocarbon method in paleography, soil science, geology, archeology
– Hierarchical morpho-genetic method for the study of soil and soil-like solids: a consistent study of phenomena and signs at each level of the structural organization of an object
– Use of isotopic markers in soil science, archeology, and paleography