Methodological and methodological work in the field of radiocarbon dating of various carbon-containing materials. The use of scintillation (LCS) and acceleration (AMS) techniques in radiocarbon dating.
Radiocarbon dating of organic substances (OM) of soils and sediments. Approaches to the allocation of the “dating fraction”. Determination of the updating coefficients of carbon fluxes in the soil-atmosphere system based on radiocarbon data, estimation of carbon fluxes in the soil of different eras and their dynamics due to climate change.
Application of the radiocarbon parameter in paleogeography, soil science, geology, archeology.
A hierarchical morpho-genetic method for the study of soil and soil-like bodies (IMH), which consists in a consistent study of phenomena and signs at each level of structural organizations: macro-, meso-, micro- and submicromorphological.
In the laboratory (the international laboratory index IGAN, IGANAMS) a complete cycle of radiocarbon dating of various carbon-containing materials (wood, coal, soil and soil-like bodies, sediments, peat, human and animal bones, etc.) is performed: Physicochemical processing of samples and isolation of dating fractions ; synthesis of benzene from finished products; measurement of radiocarbon activity using a scintillation spectrometer-radiometer. The laboratory is one of the few in the world that is engaged in the search for organic substances in soil and soil-like bodies.
The laboratory produces cleaning samples for foreign components, prepares carbon analysis preparations for dating using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). For the production of graphite, a unique automated installation is used (AGE3, Switzerland). Milligrams of dating material are sufficient for analysis.
The laboratory performs a full range of studies.